Domestic violence and abusive relationships:
PY - Y1 - N2 - Background: Globally, knowledge of health sector options to respond to domestic violence during pregnancy is increasing, but this topic is under-investigated in Nepal. This gap affects the provision of adequate antenatal care services and understanding of factors that influence women's willingness and ability to use available services.
It is critical to know more about the social norms in a community that promote and prevent women experiencing domestic violence from seeking antenatal care. To explore community perceptions of domestic violence against pregnant women.
A qualitative study was conducted in Dhulikhel municipality, involving 41 men and 76 women in 12 focus group discussions in different gender and family role separated groups. The interviews were recorded, transcribed in verbatim, and analyzed using content analysis. A socio-ecological model was used as a theoretical framework to illustrate linkages between individual, relationship, community, and societal influences on perceptions of domestic violence during pregnancy.
The community recognized different forms of violence during pregnancy threatening women's physical and psychological health and presenting obstacles to seeking antenatal care. Some types of culturally specific violence were considered particularly harmful, such as pressure to give birth to sons, denial of food, and forcing pregnant women to do hard physical work during pregnancy, which may leave daughters-in-law vulnerable to domestic violence in extended families.
A culture where violence is normalized and endurance and family reconciliation are promoted above individual health was perceived to cause women to tolerate and accept the situation.
Participants suggested actions and strategies to address continuing violence, which indicated a societal transition toward increased awareness and changing attitudes and practices. Domestic violence during pregnancy needs to be addressed at different levels in Nepal, where women are often dependent on others for access to health care.
Social norms were perceived to be shifting toward reduced acceptance of violence against women, but restrictions on women's life options, movement, and decision-making authority were still considered impediments to pregnant women's health.
KW - Domestic violence.Research– Practice Perceptions Scales: Researcher Form, a new instrument developed for this study, a four- factor conceptual framework for understanding the domestic . Domestic Violence Domestic Violence is defined by the department of justice as a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner.
Here lies the hypocritical flaw in today’s perception of domestic violence: Women want the benefit of the natural power dynamic without any of the consequences.
They want the men to protect them.
They want to be able to cry abuse when they are subjected to violence. Perceptions of domestic violence: the effects of domestic violence myths, victim's relationship with her abuser, and the decision to return to her abuser Author(s) Yamawaki, Niwako, Monica Ochoa-Shipp, Craig Pulsipher, Andrew Harlos and Scott Swindler.
A total of participants were randomly assigned to one of 4 hypothetical scenarios to evaluate how observers’ perceptions were influenced by their own sex and myths about domestic violence, by the victim’s decision to return to the abusive relationship, and by the relationship status of the victim (dating or married to the perpetrator).
§ Better understand perceptions and attitudes with respect to the issue of domestic violence and victims of domestic violence. § Investigate the barriers to seeking assistance among victims of domestic violence.