A Clockwork Orange also contains an experiment in language:
The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini fulfills many universal themes that explore some of most fundamental issues of humanity, themes that are timeless and mostly familiar. Themes are universal that includes family relationship particularly father and son, inhumane realities of class system, the horrific brutalities of war, the life in America as an immigrant and the real meaning of friendship.
Those themes will be perceived after you are being swept with the emotions caused by violence, human rights abuses, love, and redemption. It is a story that basically illustrates the realities of class struggle and Afghanistan s political turmoil and how it greatly affected the lives of those participants.
The beauty of this novel and the acquisition of the humanistic insights lie in its characters and story telling. Moreover, it could be set to any kind of culture since it deals with the issues that are universal by which anybody can relate.
The plots and twists enriched the characters especially the main protagonists Amir who assumed to be the novel s narrator.
Just by reading the title, a reader can tell that kites are the central symbolism of the novel. The kite symbolizes Amir s and Hassan s childhood memories during monarchical Afghanistan when they still have rich cultural heritage that deeply values tradition and cultural identity. Amir enjoys the unlimited opportunities, the luxury of education and material comfort.
The book initially depicts the tension between the Afghanistan different ethnic groups. Amir, the narrator, started his story reminiscing the old days with Hassan, a Hazaran servant and playmate. A Hazaran is one of the ethnic groups in Afghanistan which during those times was considered a minority group that was known for being a servant.
A Hazaran with limited opportunities due to discrimination often choose to be a servant thus illiterate.
Hassan often receives judgment, persecution and discrimination from some upper class teenagers. Hassan was a servant to Amir yet a companion, a loyal friend, his protector and the one, aside from his Baba s friend, who truly appreciates Amir s gift in creating literature. But Amir and Hassan s sense of attachment and companionship was never considered and realized as friendship by neither Amir back then nor Baba who grew up with Hassan s father, Ali, before the generation.
Never mind those things they Ali and Baba share because history isn t easy to overcome. In the end, I was a Pashtun and he was a Hazara, I was Sunni and he was Shi a and nothing was ever going to change that.
The friendship of Hassan and Amir primarily symbolizes one of the most debated issues until today- class struggle. Kites became a significant symbolism towards class struggles that greatly govern and dictate Hassan s and Amir s friendship. Even though Hassan shares the same excitement towards kite fighting and even though Hassan is obviously more skilled than Amir, he does not have actually have control over the kite.
The kite always belongs to Amir. Their different race and origin automatically defines their role in kite flying.
However, flying kites is an activity that brings them together and it allows them to momentarily escape their differences and enjoy a shared sense of attachment, exhilaration and most of all freedom.
The most remarkable part of Amir s life though is when he witness Hassan brutally raped by the upper class teenagers after running his kite. Amir who is being dominated by cowardice did nothing to save Hassan. Amir s childhood in Afghanistan continually haunts him when he failed to protect his loyal and angelic childhood friend Hassan from a savage assault after he was brutally raped by the upper class teenagers in a kite flight.
Amir despite Hassan s loyalty did not manage to Amir s betrayal with Hassan sets his life with guilt and the desire to mend his soul. Amir with his deep guilt feeling made him very uncomfortable about what happened.
Every time he sees Hassan and his father Ali who continually work with them faithfully reminds him of his cowardice so he selfishly finds a way to get rid of Hassan and his servant father from the house. Amir was subtly cruel to Hassan just as much as he values his friendship.
Amir s guilt and realization from Hassan as a loyal friend lead him to the realization of what it means to be a friend, to be human person and ultimately the realization of the bitter realities of those who belong to the lower class. Baba and Amir went to US because they can afford it but how about those who can not like Hassan and Ali They stayed there facing the civil war with no choice to escape especially with the painful persecution.
They were weak and vulnerable with no means of fighting, no education and no sense of pride because of the constructed roles given to them. Worst there was no one to save them. This story also illustrates the life of the immigrants who escaped from their struggling nation who adjust from a different culture and political orientation.
The political change and influence brought by the Soviet and the Taliban troops affected those who stayed and those who chose to leave the country. One of the painful consequences of the brutalities of war was the exploitation and destruction of one s tradition and culture Nyrop, Seekins p.
For Baba, Amir s father, United States will always be a foreign country where he can not fully express himself and where he can not fully explore his potentials. Afghanistan and its culture suit his character because he became rich and influential.
For him, America s optimism and freedom of choice are far too much which do not conform to his social and cultural orientation.
In America, due to multicultural and their feeling of superiority, Baba suffers humiliation and forced to work in a gas station in order to survive.The Gulf Between Us - Geraldine Bedell.
Penguin Geraldine Bedell's book The Gulf Between Us was greeted with enthusiasm by organisers of the first International Festival of Literature in Dubai because of its setting in the Middle East. A Clockwork Orange - Anthony Burgess. Penguin Burgess's vision of a horrifying dystopian near-future.
A Clockwork Orange also contains an experiment in language: Burgess creates a new speech that is the teenage slang of the not-too-distant London.
Reviews, essays, books and the arts: the leading international weekly for literary culture. "After Rain" by William Trevor Trevor was born (in ) and brought up in rural Ireland but has lived in Devon, England since the s.
Although he has written novels, he is best known for his short stories and he is widely regarded as one of the greatest contemporary . Situated within the portrayal of Afghanistan by the international media as a country of suicide bombers and female oppression, Hosseini’s work does little to add complexity to these discourses, instead further entrenching the simplistic fetishisation that to be Afghan is to suffer.
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