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It can take many direct and indirect forms, including physical violence, name-calling, taunting, teasing, malicious rumor-spreading, and social exclusion. Once thought of as a normal part of growing up, Research paper on bullying in schools bullying is now widely recognized as a serious problem that must be met with systematic preventative efforts.
This article examines the nature, prevalence, and effects of school bullying. It discusses profiles of bullies and victims, and explores the most effective methods now used to combat school bullying.
Since the late s, several fatal school shootings committed by the victims of school bullying have brought major media attention to the issue. The result has been an increase in public awareness about the harmful effects of school bullying and a flurry of local, state, and nationwide programs designed to prevent or at least contain the problem.
In recent years, psychologists, sociologists, and school administrators have all published a plethora of research about school bullying. Definitions of school bullying include four basic elements.
First, school bullying does not happen between peers who share an equal or similar degree of power, but always involves a more powerful perpetrator intimidating a weaker subject. Bullying depends upon an imbalance of power, which can be created by any number of factors, including but not limited to physical size, age, popularity and psychological strength Rigby, ; Junoven, Second, bullying is deliberate; a bully intends to cause harm or distress in his or her victim Scarpaci, Third, bullying can come in direct and indirect forms.
Physical violence, such as shoving, poking, hitting, or tripping, is a form direct bullying. So is verbal bullying, which includes name-calling, teasing, and derision. Indirect bullying is social in nature and involves the bully excluding his or her victim from a peer group.
As children mature, the types of bullying in which they engage tends to change. In recent years, technology-savvy adolescents have begun to use the Internet to conduct 'cyber-bullying' on websites, in chat-rooms, and via e-mail, and to send harassing text messages to mobile phones "Cyber-bullying concerns on the rise," ; Reid et al.
Experts now recognize bullying as a form of violence. If allowed to continue unchecked, school bullying severely compromises school safety. In order to prevent children from being harmed by school bullying, professional educators and parents should understand the depth of the bullying problem in U.
Applications Prevalence of School Bullying Virtually all school children around the world are in some way affected by school bullying Reid et al. The United States is no exception: Another study has shown that 1 in 5 elementary school children and 1 in 10 middle school students in the U.
School bullying is a universal problem throughout the U. Those students who witness bullying often become distressed, intimidated, and fearful that they themselves might become victims of bullying.
These feelings may harm academic performance and distract attention from school work Reid et al. In fact, bullying prevention programs have been proven to raise the overall academic achievement of schools, suggesting that rampant bullying undermines educational efforts Scarpaci, Bullying also causes extremely damaging effects in the victims of bullies.
These effects are similar to those caused by child abuse, and their intensity and persistence tend to increase when the bullying begins at a younger age Scarpaci, Victims of bullying suffer from lowered psychological well being, poor social adjustment, and psychological distress.
Many victims are targeted because they have low self-esteem, a problem that is only exacerbated by the bullying Rigby, They also develop somatic symptoms, such as problems sleeping, chronic head-aches and stomachaches, bedwetting, and fatigue Brown et al.
Bullying also leads to academic and behavioral problems in victims, who may lose interest in school, or use somatic symptoms as an excuse to stay home from school Scarpaci, While most victims react to bullying by withdrawing and suffering in silence, a rare subset of victims retaliate with violent behavior.
In most cases, victims direct violent behavior against themselves in the form of suicide. However, as adults, some victims have sought out and murdered those who bullied them as children.
Other victims have conducted highly publicized school shootings in which they targeted those classmates who bullied them — perhaps most prominently in the case of the mass shooting at Columbine High School in Colorado in There is evidence that school bullies also suffer from their own behavior.
However, it is difficult to establish whether these negative consequences are direct results of bullying or are products of the psychological issues that led to bullying Rigby, The entire section is 4, words. Unlock This Study Guide Now Start your hour free trial to unlock this page Bullying study guide and get instant access to the following: Research Paper Starter You'll also get access to more than 30, additional guides andHomework Help questions answered by our experts.However, if you are looking for writers that can make high and top quality research for your bullying thesis, our company can guarantee you efficient, effective and affordable leslutinsduphoenix.comer our company can write for you the great bulling essay and bulling research paper.
Bullying in Schools Bullying in Schools Research Papers look at a sample of a paper ordered with instructions for set-up of paper, and format instructions.
School bullying is a pervasive problem found in elementary, middle, and high schools across the United States and around the world. It can take many direct and indirect forms, including physical.
Research on bullying in schools by the US Department of Education and Secret Service has shown that in 37 cases of school shootings, over 2/3’s of the shooters felt bullied and harassed at school.
(View More Bullying Statistics). Bullying in America’s schools is a serious issue effecting school age children from kindergarten, up to 12th grade. Recently, suicides by victims of bullying have received mass media attention.
As a result, the issue has stayed on the radar screens of parents and school administrators across America. Research on bullying in schools by the US Department of Education and Secret Service has shown that in 37 cases of school shootings, over 2/3’s of the shooters felt bullied and harassed at school.
(View More Bullying Statistics).