Anderson argued that nationalism was a cultural artefact spontaneously created through the convergence of discreet historical forces at the end of the eighteenth century, and transplanted across the world because people became able to imagine themselves part of a community defined by nationality. Anderson addressed both Marxist and Liberal explanations for the origin and spread of nationalism. Anderson investigated nationalism as a specific force in human society instead of addressing how well or how poorly the evidence of nationalistic identity fit into existing historical interpretations.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. He promised that he would fix the economy and pay off reparations, as well as increase employment.
Rejection of military restrictions imposed by Treaty of Versailles 4. Return of former German colonies in Africa 5. Was led by peace rather than moral correctness. The British preferred conciliation as against security. Macdonald and Foreign Office head Arthur Henderson were constantly in disagreement as how to lead the country in a post war society Henderson wished to disarm France to ensure security while Macdonald wished the opposite.
He wanted to use disarmament as a lever to increase British commitment to France French reliance upon the British to increase world power status. This directly caused an outrage and the public did not like this. The next proposed idea was a peace treaty between France and Germany.
This was ideal for the British because it meant peace against an aggressor state. The mindset was that the less America had to do with Europe, the better, which spread across the public and created an anti-Wilson mindset.
Macdonald ceased to direct British foreign policy, and continued to shape it indirectly. Treaty of Locarno allowed for peace in Europe after the war Britain wanted to keep control over Europe and remain a major power Seemed to be involved in other countries affairs like Japan, China, the middle east etc.
Country became unified after the war to counteract Germany and sought severe reparations. Led by Briand Proposed that Germany should promise to respect all her frontiers.
Treaty of Locarno-Ended the war France had the only large army in Europe and was the strongest power, with Germany now out of the way. However, they were only trained defensively, not offensively. France had wanted to take out Germany completely so that its safety as a country was ensured.
The US stopped France from taking Germany out politically, economically, and socially more than it already was from the post war reparations. Rather, the Italians wanted to expand their Mediterranean empire by driving out the British and regaining their former Roman Empire glory.
Mussolini was delighted to see him in power, and saw the potential of a German alliance against Britain and France to revise the settlement Mussolini decided to enter the war after observing how Germany was being able to crush the French as well as the allied forces in all of Western Europe Hence the Italian dictator Mussolini decided to declare war against the Allies so that the country could gain possession of some easy war spoils As the Italians decided to support the axis forces, Germany lent its full support to its newfound ally The country sent over reinforcement troops that would help Italy make its way through France.
Japan entered WWII after they saw what Germany was doing again, similar to the Italians Japan also believed they would be able to conquer and do what Germany was doing to the European countries—beginning of Imperialism, formation of Japanese pride and superiority over Asian nations The military began to influence national policy in Japan during the s—persuading the Emperor that Japan can become the leader of Asia, can promote nationalistic pride and superiority over Asian countries i.
China—Manchuria Not only did military leaders begin to hold political office, but they began to have a profound influence on the Emperor of Japan. The Japanese began a policy of expansion in Asia.
They wanted to take over areas that would provide needed raw materials for the economy of Japan. It threatened the security of the United States. Japan saw the outbreak of war as an opportunity to continue their expansion and eventually control all of eastern Asia.
The decision to attack Pearl Harbor was risky. But the Japanese military convinced the Emperor that the Japanese forces could control the Pacific before the US could recover from the attack at Pearl Harbor.
More essays like this:For Ernest Gellner, whose contribution to the development of theories of nationalism is seen to be second to none (Hall ; Malešević & Haugaard ), nationalism is a societal response to the shift towards industrial society. Nationalism’s Contribution to the Origin of World War II Essay Sample.
GERMANY: Hitler exploited the German people’s disillusionment with the Treaty of Versailles in order to come to power.
One pervasive influence upon the writing of history has been nationalism, a set of beliefs about political legitimacy and cultural identity. Nationalism has provided a significant framework for historical writing in Europe and in those former colonies influenced by Europe since the nineteenth century.
Dec 30, · Growing out of a small-town school event in California, Women’s History Month is a celebration of women’s contributions to history, culture and society.
The United States has observed it.
A nation may be described as a community having a common homeland, a common culture and common traditions. ADVERTISEMENTS: European nationalism, in its modern sense, was born out of the desire of a community to assert its unity and independence.
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic ideology and movement characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining the nation's sovereignty (self-governance) over its leslutinsduphoenix.comalism holds that each nation should govern itself, free from outside interference (self-determination), that a nation is a natural and.