What is a democracy? Ans Democracy is a form of government in which the people can vote for representatives to govern the state on their behalf. Define the term constitution.
Preamble to the U. Constitution Prior to the Constitution, the thirteen states were bound together by the Articles of Confederation.
These were in essence a military alliance between sovereign nations adopted to better fight the Revolutionary War.
Congress had no power to tax, and as a result was not able to pay debts resulting from the Revolution. Madison, George WashingtonBenjamin Franklin and others feared a break-up of the union and national bankruptcy.
In this view, Shays' Rebellionan armed uprising in Massachusetts inwas simply one, albeit extreme, example of "democratic excess" in the aftermath of the War. Madison believed that the problem was not with the Articles, but rather the state legislatures, and so the solution was not to fix the articles but to restrain the excesses of the states.
The principal questions before the convention became whether the states should remain sovereign, whether sovereignty should be transferred to the national government, or whether a settlement should rest somewhere in between.
Madison's nationalist position shifted the debate increasingly away from a position of pure state sovereignty, and toward the compromise. By its own Article Seventhe constitution drafted by the convention needed ratification by at least nine of the thirteen states, through special conventions held in each state.
Anti-Federalist writers began to publish essays and letters arguing against ratification,  and Alexander Hamilton recruited James Madison and John Jay to write a series of pro-ratification letters in response. It was first printed in the Daily Advertiser under the name adopted by the Federalist writers, "Publius"; in this it was remarkable among the essays of Publius, as almost all of them first appeared in one of two other papers: On November 23, it appeared in the Packet and the next day in the Independent Journal.
Outside New York City, it made four appearances in early Though this number of reprintings was typical for The Federalist essays, many other essays, both Federalist and Anti-Federalist, saw much wider distribution.
McLean announced that they would publish the first 36 of the essays in a single volume. This volume, titled The Federalist, was released on March 2, George Hopkins' edition revealed that Madison, Hamilton, and Jay were the authors of the series, with two later printings dividing the work by author.
InJames Gideon published a third edition containing corrections by Madison, who by that time had completed his two terms as President of the United States. Dawson's edition of sought to collect the original newspaper articles, though he did not always find the first instance.
It was much reprinted, albeit without his introduction. The first date of publication and the newspaper name were recorded for each essay.
Of modern editions, Jacob E. Cooke's edition is seen as authoritative, and is most used today. Hamilton there addressed the destructive role of a faction in breaking apart the republic. The question Madison answers, then, is how to eliminate the negative effects of faction.
Madison defines a faction as "a number of citizens, whether amounting to a minority or majority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community".
At the heart of Madison's fears about factions was the unequal distribution of property in society. Ultimately, "the most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property," Madison argues Dawsonp. Since some people owned property and others owned none, Madison felt that people would form different factions that pursued different interests.
Providing some examples of the distinct interests, Madison identified a landed interest, a manufacturing interest, a mercantile interest, a moneyed interest, and "many lesser interests" Dawsonp.
They all belonged to "different classes" that were "actuated by different sentiments and views," Madison insists Dawsonp.Separation of powers protects against tyranny by separating the central government into three branches.
Montesquieu came up with legislative, judicial, and the executive branches so that one person or group will have all the power.
How does the second amendment protect against the government's tyranny in the age of weapons of mass destruction? The 2nd Amendment states that a well-regulated militia is .
The separation of powers provides those all important checks and balances in the machinery of government (in the broadest sense). See Separation of powers - leslutinsduphoenix.com its most basic it prevents the Head of State from simply ordering ‘Off with his head!’ - and the order being carried out.
B. Article I, Section 8, clauses 15 and 16 of the U.S. Constitution refer to Congress’s powers concerning the state militias. Clause 15 empowers Congress to “call forth” the state militias into national service for specific purposes. The Federalist Papers, No.
There was no National Guard, and the Founders opposed anything but. In , amidst a sweltering Philadelphia summer and equally heated debates over the proposed constitution, James Madison warned his fellow delegates of the danger that giving the president the power to declare war would pose to liberty.
The answer to the essay question is to be written on separate paper.
The Articles of Confederation, which were ratified in , provided the first form of a national government in the United States.
The convention developed an en-tirely new form of government as outlined in the Constitution, which sought to address the weaknesses of.