Since then, these two countries have been the subject of comparisons in many news and media outlets worldwide. Although these two countries have similar ambitions to dominate the world economy, their culture and mindset is like east and west pun intended. As China opened their doors to the rest of the world, a lot of Americans were attracted to live and work in China.
Culture in decision-making[ edit ] Over-generalization in research on decision-making[ edit ] A considerable amount of literature in cognitive science has been devoted to the investigation of the nature of human decision-making.
However, a large portion of it discusses the results obtained from a unicultural subject pool, predominantly from a pool of American undergraduate students.
Notwithstanding this limitation, the results are usually implicitly or explicitly generalizedwhich gives rise to the home-field disadvantage: This tendency is further aggravated when the researcher belongs to the cultural group that they study.
In this case, the researcher and the subjects are exposed to the same physical, social, and situational contexts on the daily basis. Much of every-day functioning is automaticin other words it is driven by the current features of the environment we are in, that are processed without any conscious awareness.
They become apparent when individuals or decision-making models from different cultural backgrounds as different culture backgrounds tend to form different mind processing into decision making. For example, westerners tend to form affective proccessing while easteners are tend to form analytical processing.
Moreover Affective or feeling based decision- makings tend to be faster and done spontaneously whereas cognitive or reason based decision making tends to be deliberate Origin of cross-cultural differences[ edit ] More scientists have recently been becoming involved in conducting studies on decision-making across cultures.
The results show that there are in fact cross-cultural differences in behavior in general and in decision-making strategies in particular and thus impel researches to explain their origin.
There are a number of most popular and accepted explanations: Co-Evolution of Genes with Culture Hypothesis.
Across generations individuals populating a certain area learn to adopt and pass on to the next generations the cultural traits that promote survival and flourishing within the environment of their locality. As a result, the genes supporting the survival-relevant traits are passed on, while others fade away.
In the long run, it becomes the case that it is for the surviving genes to set conditions for the cultural practices to be used and even to create the environment to which the members adapt.
The process that changes the frequency of application of cultural traits is influenced by the same forces that determine the remolding of the combination of genetic variants. These forces are natural selection, mutation, drift, and migration.
There is however one more force — 'a decision-making force' — in cultural evolution.
Since cultural traits are transmitted in the context of interpersonal communication, the cultural variants its participants adopt are influenced by the behavioral choices the 'communicator' and the 'learner' make.
Cultural groups all over the world have developed distinct unique worldviews reflected in their philosophies. The two most often compared are the Eastern philosophy which stems from the Confucian thought and the Western philosophy which is grounded in the Aristotelian thought.
The societies that are usually described as individualistic have the independent social orientation. The differentiating characteristics of those groups are autonomy, self-expression, and the interpretation of happiness as a socially disengaging emotion.
The collectivists' societies have the interdependent social orientation.
Cultural differences. Ignoring culture differences can get an unsuspecting person into trouble. For example, in Western countries it is encouraged to speak about your achievements and your success; but in other countries, this action may lead the interviewer to believe you are self-important and egotistical. For Western businesses, doing business in China requires careful navigation of the cultural differences between China and the West. There are plenty for reasons for Westerners to do business in China. Cross-cultural psychology is a branch of psychology that looks at how cultural factors influence human behavior. While many aspects of human thought and behavior are universal, cultural differences can lead to often surprising differences in how people think, feel, and act.
Their members endorse harmony, relatedness, and connection, don't view themselves as bounded or separated from others, and experience happiness as a sense of closeness to others.
Typically interdependent societies are found among Eastern nations, and independent societies are found among Western nations. For example, the working class in the U. Numerous factors, such as geographical mobility, industrialization, and political systems, affect the social orientation.
Decision-making models[ edit ] Depending on the stance the researcher assumes on the role the culture plays in decision-making, one of the following models is used to think of and predict decision-making behavioral patterns in a given culture: The scientists who use this model usually assume there is only a little difference in how individuals from different cultures make their decisions.
The results obtained from one group are attributed to people in general. The adherents of the dispositional view acknowledge that there are cross-cultural differences in decision-making and support the cause of cross-cultural research.These differences do not make either culture better or worse than the other one.
It just shows their differences which has been created through centuries of history and development. Australia and France Cultural Comparison. In pursuit of the laissez-faire. Both Australia and France share a criminal history that has shaped the identity of their respective countries.
Cross-cultural psychology is a branch of psychology that looks at how cultural factors influence human behavior. While many aspects of human thought and behavior are universal, cultural differences can lead to often surprising differences in how people think, feel, and act.
The Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) of the U.S.
Department of State fosters mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries to promote friendly and peaceful relations. Originally Answered: What are the major differences between Chinese and western culture? Many have touched upon family values and education.
I'll touch on a slightly different topic: Social grace.
For Western businesses, doing business in China requires careful navigation of the cultural differences between China and the West.
There are plenty for reasons for Westerners to do business in China. The country is the largest exporter in the world and provides many Western businesses crucial intermediate goods and services at low costs.