What Causes Domestic Violence? Abusers may feel this need to control their partner because of low self-esteem, extreme jealousy, difficulties in regulating anger and other strong emotions, or when they feel inferior to the other partner in education and socioeconomic background. Others may have an undiagnosed personality disorder or psychological disorder.
In addition to the immediate injuries from the assault, battered women may suffer from chronic pain, gastrointestinal disorders, psychosomatic symptoms, and eating problems. Although psychological abuse is often considered less severe than physical violence, health care providers and advocates around the world are increasingly recognizing devastating mental health effects of domestic violence, including anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression.
As trauma victims, they are also at an increased risk of substance abuse. Women are particularly vulnerable to attacks when pregnant, and thus may more often experience medical difficulties in their pregnancies. Battering imposes significant costs on the community.
As the World Health Organization notes, domestic violence also has significant indirect costs for society. UNICEF reports that a study in Santiago, Chile, estimates that women who suffer physical violence earn, on average, less than half of the income of women who do not face violence at home.
Domestic violence can be fatal; women are both intentionally murdered by their partners and lose their life as a result of injuries inflicted by them. In particular, recent studies in the United States have focused on choking or strangulation, a tactic often used by batterers.
In addition to the danger of death from injury or intentional homicides, research also indicates that women who are abused may be more likely to commit suicide. Suicide is 12 times as likely to have been attempted by a woman who has been abused than by one who has not.
Victims of domestic violence often take more absences from work to visit the doctor. Battering may lead to feelings of shame, embarrassment and humiliation, particularly when beatings leave marks, which in turn may lead to further isolation from friends and family and to absences from work.
|The Scope of the Problem||What is Elder Abuse?|
Because of increased absences and substance abuse, battered women may find it difficult to maintain steady employment. Escaping the violence may require a complete abandonment of job, home and belongings.
Other effects include the impact of domestic violence on childrenfamily, friends, co-workers, and the community.
Family and friends may themselves be targeted by the abuser in retaliation for helping a woman leave a violent relationship or find assistance. Understanding the effect of domestic violence on children, and particularly the correlation between spouse and child abuse, is a critical part of an effective community response to violence.
Without this basis, programs designed to help children may have unintended and negative effects on battered women, and may not be effective in helping children deal with and recover from witnessing and experiencing abuse.Death, illness, injury and disability — domestic and family violence is the leading cause of death, illness and disability for women aged under 45 Emotional and psychological trauma — the devastating impact on an individual’s physical, mental and emotional health including depression, shame, anger and suicide.
In a study, published in the Archives of Family Medicine, designed to measure physician's attitudes and practices toward victims of domestic violence, Snugg, et al, defined domestic violence as "past or present physical and/or sexual violence between former or current intimate partners, adult household members, or adult children and a parent.
Domestic violence — also known as domestic abuse, intimate partner violence or abuse — may start when one partner feels the need to control and dominate the other. Abusers may feel this need. The Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA) provides federal funding to help victims of domestic violence and their dependent children by providing shelter and related help, offering violence prevention programs, and improving how service agencies work together in communities.
Block them from staying in touch with family and friends in their native countries; Domestic Violence London (UK): “What is Domestic Violence/Forms of Domestic Violence.” An Overview.
Dallan F. Flake and Renata Forste, “Fighting Families: Family Characteristics Associated With Domestic Violence in Five Latin American Countries” in Journal of Family Violence (January ).
Bruce D. Perry and Maia Szalavitz, The Boy Who Was Raised as a Dog: What Traumatized Children Can Teach Us About Loss, Love, and Healing ().