Quoting authors Key words: It is useful sometimes to use the original words of the author when those exact words carry special significance. Direct quoting should not, however, be the primary strategy for presenting evidence in your writing.
Yet because the spell checker takes care of all the other words you may misspell, learning to use these few words correctly is surely not much of a burden, and is crucial for convincing your readers that you are competent and trustworthy.
Avoid "comprise" Apparently the word " comprise " has now been used incorrectly so many times to mean " compose " that this usage is now becoming acceptable. But it is much safer simply to avoid "comprise" altogether, as anyone who does know what it started out meaning will be annoyed when you use it to mean "compose".
If you take a grammatically correct sentence containing "but" and replace it with "however", or vice versa, the result will almost always be incorrect, mainly because of comma punctuation.
However, I do not like tangerines. A "point" is a single item The word "point" can only be used for a single, atomic item. Thus it is not appropriate to discuss a "sub-point", "part of a point", the "first half" of a point, etc.
Instead use "topic" or "section", etc. Use "a study" or just "research", never "a research". Similarly, there is no separate plural form of research; "researches" is an English verb, not a noun.
Avoid capitalization When in doubt, use lower case. Capitalization is appropriate only for specific, named, individual items or people. For example, capitalize school subjects only when you are referring to a specific course at a specific school: Department of Computer Sciences vs.
When in doubt, use lower case. Avoid contractions Contractions are appropriate only for conversational use and for informal writing, never for technical or formal writing.
Hyphenate phrases only when otherwise ambiguous In English phrases groups of several words forming a unithyphens are used to group pairs of words when the meaning might otherwise be ambiguous.
That is, they act like the parentheses in a mathematical expression. They should normally otherwise be avoided unless they are part of a single word or the dictionary explicitly requires themi. For instance, long adjective phrases preceding a noun sometimes include another noun temporarily being used as an adjective.
Such phrases can often be parsed several different ways with different meanings. For example, the phrase "English language learners" as written means "language learners from England", because, by default, "language" modifies "learners", and "English" modifies "language learners".
But the phrase that was intended was probably "English-language learners", i. Note that there would never be a hyphen if the same phrase were used after the noun it modifies, because in that case there would be absolutely no chance of ambiguity: Note that hyphens are used only in adjective phrases; they are not needed after an adverb and are therefore incorrect.
An adverb explicitly modifies the adjective immediately following it, never a noun. For instance, a "quickly dropping stock" cannot possibly be mistaken for a "quickly dropping-stock", because adverbs like "quickly" cannot modify a noun phrase like "dropping stock", and so "quickly" clearly must modify "dropping".
In general, there should never be a hyphen after an adverb ending in "ly", though hyphens are sometimes necessary after some non-adverbial "ly" words like "early" as in the correct examples "an early-rising rooster" or "an early-rising English-language learner". You may want to search through your finished document for "ly-"; nearly all examples of those three characters in a row will be mistakes.We all know the basic rules of punctuation, right?
|Guidelines for Developing a Scholarly Writing Style||In typical research paper writing, primary emphasis is laid on the need for intellectual candor i.|
|How to Use Direct Quotes in Essays | High School Writing||The Mechanics of Scholarly Writing Writing credible, well-designed papers for college or publication requires the use of scholarly writing mechanics.|
|Quoting and referencing||Links Suggested ways to introduce quotations When you quote another writer's words, it's best to introduce or contextualize the quote. Shown below are some possible ways to introduce quotations.|
However, this can become a tricky business in academic writing, when you have to insert quotations, reference correctly, use direct speech.
Academic writing is conducted in several sets of forms and genres, normally in an impersonal and dispassionate tone, targeted for a critical and informed audience, based on closely investigated knowledge, and intended to reinforce or challenge concepts or arguments.
Key words: direct quote, short quote, long quote, reporting words and phrases, indenting, ellipsis Occasionally, you may use direct quotes (the exact words of the author) as evidence in your writing.
It is useful sometimes to use the original words of the author . A direct quotation usually corresponds exactly to the source's spelling, capitalization and interior punctuation. Direct quotes must use a lead-in or tag phrase. In other words, direct quotes must be attached to your own writing. A second difference between academic writing and other writing genres is based on the citation of published authors.
• If you make judgements about something in academic writing, there is an expectation that you will support. 10% of a paper can be direct quotations, more than 4 lines together is called block quotation.